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Interactive (on line) Maps
JBLM (Fort Lewis) access permits - 253-967-6371
For the general public, an enhanced drivers license PLUS one of the listed items is required along with your vehicle registration for access.
New change effective immediately! Call Range Control before driving to the gate. Non-military personnel at Range Control are no longer allowed to complete your paperwork! Their phone number is 253-967-6371. You need to make sure someone authorized will be there when you go.
On-base Permit Location: Drive to the main gate (I-5 exit # 120) and go to the visitor center and obtain a day pass. That allows you onto the base so you can get to the area access office, building T-4074, Area Access Office (Range Control), at the intersection of Stryker and Kaufman Avenues. Their phone number is 253-967-6371. Permits recorded message number is 253-967-6277.
Cards are good for two years. Open Monday Thru Friday 9am to 5pm, Saturday and Sunday 8am to 2pm. Call ahead to confirm!
Google Map directions to Building T-4074 once on base.
One additional note - when you do go, be sure you have the vehicle registration and vehicle license plate number (for the vehicle you will use to haul your horse trailer) with you. The trailer registration and license plate number is needed as well. You will also need your drivers license (photo ID) and you will be asked for your home address and phone number. If you have passengers when you visit the base for the purpose of obtaining a permit, they also should have ID on them as well or they will not be allowed to enter the base.
AND REMEMBER TO CALL JBLM EACH TIME YOU GO RIDING at 253-967-6277 (24 Hours) no earlier than 8:00am the day before. Provide name, permit number, training area, time in and estimated time out and what you will be doing.
Display your JBLM vehicle permit on the vehicle dashboard.
Emergency Fort number: 253-307-8215 or 911
WDFW - Scatter Creek Unit of the Scatter Creek Wildlife Area (WDFW link)
Used to access private timber lands west of the wildlife area. WDFW attempts to post notification at the trailhead regarding closure of the private lands.
WDFW horse trail map (please stay on it and don't ruin it for others)
Port Blakley information link
Campbell Global contact information
Weyerhaeuser information - access fee required (lands to the north)
Lists of lists "Ten Essentials", What to have in your first aid kit.
CDL - In addition to health requirements you also need to be aware of the CDL (Commercial Drivers License) requirements for each state that you may be traveling through. Each state varies. And each law enforcement officer or agricultural agent may have a different understanding of the regulations than their partner (there is a LOT of confusion out there!)
In 1986, Congress passed the Federal Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act (FCMVSA/86). This law requires each State to meet the same minimum standards for commercial driver licensing. The states may have more stringent regulations of their own, but they may not lessen the standards.
Why should this information be important to you? Fines for violating the Federal Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act requirements are high!
Different officers/agents may interpret whether you fall into the "Commercial" category differently and this is mainly where the confusion enters the picture. If you make any kind of money off the horses such as prizes at a rodeo, and you've told the officer/agent this, they could label you as a commercial driver. If your trailer is plastered with sponsor emblems, they most likely will label you as a commercial driver. If you haul livestock for hire, you are a commercial driver. There was a saying during World War Two, "loose lips sink ships". Don't offer information not asked for.
Depending on your weight (truck and loaded trailer) CDL requirements vary as well. If you are big enough to require air brakes then you definitely need a CDL.
Generally to not need a CDL your total weight must be under 26,001 pounds. Some states vary on the GVWR (gross vehicle weight rating) of the trailer, most are at 10,000 but a few have 14,000.
Your CDL should also allow you to drive interstate (between states) rather than just intrastate (within the state). CDLs come in three classes, A, B and C. Usually all you need is a Class A license.
We suggest you start here and look at each state's DMV web site to see if they require you to have a CDL. If necessary you should call or email those states.
The below information we hope is accurate but when in doubt contact the appropriate DMV.
An exemption for farmers/ranchers exists but it is limited to a radius of 150 miles from your farm/ranch.
Here in Washington state you need a CDL if your vehicle weighs 26,001 pounds or more. Vehicles hauling trailers weighing 10,001 pounds or more with a combined weight of 26,001 pounds or higher requires a CDL. And remember, that includes the animal's weight. And if you have a camper on the back of your pick-up that needs to be included as well.
Oregon requires a CDL for operation of vehicles weighing 26,001 pounds or more.
California requires that any fifth-wheel trailer (goose-neck) with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds to 15,000 pounds requires a fifth-wheel recreational trailer endorsement and anything with a gross vehicle weight rating over 15,000 pounds requires a class A non-commercial license.
Idaho requires a CDL when a vehicle and trailer with a combined gross vehicle weight rating is 26,001 pounds or more, provided that the weight of the vehicle being towed is over 10,000 pounds.
Montana requires a CDL when a vehicle and trailer with a combined gross vehicle weight rating is 26,001 pounds or more, provided that the weight of the vehicle being towed is over 10,000 pounds.
Wyoming requires a CDL when a vehicle and trailer with a combined gross vehicle weight rating is 26,001 pounds or more, provided that the weight of the vehicle being towed is over 10,000 pounds.
Nevada requires a CDL when a vehicle and trailer with a combined gross vehicle weight rating is 26,001 pounds or more, provided that the weight of the vehicle being towed is over 10,000 pounds. The exception is for "recreational vehicles". The officer or agent may or may not deem your truck and trailer combination to be a "recreational vehicle".
Utah requires a CDL when a single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) is 26,001 pounds or more or a trailer with a GVWR of more than 10,000 pounds if the gross combination weight rating is more than 26,001 pounds (both truck and trailer).
Arizona requires a Class A CDL if you will drive a combination vehicle (truck and trailer) whose trailer has a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,001 pounds or more and whose total weight with the truck is 26,001 pounds or more. If you will drive a vehicle whose GVWR is 26,001 pounds or more, you will need a Class B CDL. With this license, you can also tow a trailer whose weight does not exceed 10,000 pounds.
Texas requires a class A CDL when the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of the truck and trailer together are greater than or equal to 26,001 pounds and the trailer alone has a GVWR greater than 10,000 pounds.
Coggins required for interstate movement between Washington, Oregon and Idaho - January 2017 - Coggins Exemption Lifted: Notice to Horse Owners: An agreement between Idaho, Oregon and Washington exempting Coggins testing for transport of horses across state lines has been lifted. According to Idaho State Department of Agriculture officials, horses being transported between the three states will be required to have a Coggins test from an accredited veterinarian in the last 12 months. The rule is currently being processed through state government channels and will be rescinded in the coming weeks. The agreement is being removed because of positive tests found in Idaho and the neighboring states. State veterinary officials believe it's no longer appropriate to keep the testing exemption in place. For more information contact the Idaho State Department of Agriculture or the Idaho Horse Council.
On February 10th 2017 Oregon DOA sent a letter to Veterinarians notifying them that the Oregon Department of Agriculture is terminating the Memorandum of Understanding between Oregon, Washington and Idaho. Horses in the three states have been testing positive for Equine Infectious Anemia or EIA. Importation requirements for Oregon will include a CVI (certificate of veterinary inspection), entry permit and a negative Coggins test within the prior six months of entry. Questions? Oregon DOA 503-986-4680
Weather and Traffic Info (Washington State DOT site)
Washington State travelers map (Washington State DOT site)
Coggins - Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA)
As there are a number of trails that come in to the park from outside the park boundary, you should have your paperwork with you at all times, even if having started your ride from a trailhead inside the park. Rangers have no way of knowing where you started from and can ask to see your paperwork.
Go with the Flow:
As a safety precaution, commercial mule strings have the right-of-way. Riders must pull off the trail and yield, backtracking if necessary.
Travel in these directions during specific times:
Day Use: No permits required for day use. Prior to riding from the South Rim, check in with the Backcountry Information Center and XanterraLivery Management.
On the North Rim, check in with the Backcountry Information Center and Canyon Trail Rides.
Backcountry permits: Overnight use on the North Rim or at Inner Canyon campsites requires a permit from the Grand Canyon Permits Office. Submit a backcountry permit request form on the first of the month, four months prior to the start date.
Fees: $10 processing plus $5 for each person and $5 for each equine per night.
North Rim Horse Camp: (May 15 to November 1; water may be shut off earlier, weather depending) One site; 0.25 miles (0.4 km) north of the North Kaibab Trailhead; pit toilet, picnic table, campfire ring, potable water, and small corral. One person must camp with stock. Maximum six equines, six people, and two vehicles; maximum trailer length 30 feet (9 m).
Tuweep Campground: No camping; no trailers.
Bright Angel Campground, near Phantom Ranch, and Cottonwood Campground, along the North Kaibab Trail, each accept one equine group per night. Phantom Ranch guests must have one person camp with the animals; hitching rail provided, no corral available; permit required.
South Rim Horse Camp: Two sites at Mather Campground include picnic tables, campfire rings, water, two corrals with water troughs, and feeders. Restrooms nearby. No electricity. Per site maximum of six equines, six people, and two vehicles; maximum trailer length 30 feet (9 m). $25 per site per night. Reservations: 877-444-6777 or www.recreation.gov.
Feed and Water:
Feed: Clean trailers, hooves, coat, mane, and tails prior to entering the park. Feed stock weed-free forage or processed feed a few days before the trip. To prevent introducing non-native plants in the park, use only certified weed-free forage— hay, straw, and mulch. Proof of certification tags required. Forage may not be taken beyond trailheads. Use pelletized feed, hay cubes, and grain products in the backcountry. Do not leave feed on the ground; use a feedbag or tarp. Pack out unused feed. Grazing not permitted.
Storage: Feed should be stored in rodent-proof containers. At camp, use a long rope to hang feed from pack poles.
Water: Available at Indian Garden day-use area and Bright Angel and Cottonwood campgrounds. Animals may be watered directly from natural water sources where streams cross maintained trails. Equines cannot linger in stream crossings; use collapsible canvas buckets to transport water.
Kathleen Gonder, 435-834-4741
Revised Rules for Horseback Riding Take Effect February, 1 2015 at Bryce Canyon National Park
Bryce Canyon National Park initiated a public comment period for 30 days beginning March 26, 2014 regarding proposed changes for users of privately-owned stock on designated horse trails within the park. Changes are intended to ensure the safety of all visitors and to protect park resources. Trails open to horseback riding are steep and narrow given the terrain below the Canyon rim and offer limited space for stock groups to pass. It is the intent of the park, the trail ride concessionaire and private equestrian users to promote, and be proactive in, equestrian safety and safe trail use. The new rules below take effect February 1, 2015. Details and specific requirements can be found at: www.nps.gov/brca/planyourvisit/trailrides.htm
Park Superintendent Jeff Bradybaugh thanked the many people that responded during the public comment period: “Approximately 400 individuals or organizational representatives responded and provided comments via mail, phone, and principally by e-mail. With expert assistance from the park’s trail ride concessionaire and officers from Backcountry Horsemen of Utah, the park has analyzed the issues and public comments and has devised solutions. Bryce Canyon National Park appreciates the many constructive comments and suggestions provided and we have utilized them in finalizing rules for private equestrian use at the park.” An analysis of issues, comments and solutions can be found at the web site listed above.
Required Use of Guides
The park initially proposed that all private equestrians would be required to hire a guide to maximize safety and reduce trail conflicts. Respondents universally felt a guide was unneeded. The new rules will not require private equestrians to hire a guide. Park Rangers will discuss safety procedures, Leave No Trace and trail etiquette during private equestrian groups check-in, similar to long-established procedures at the park, but will provide greater emphasis on trail directional routing (one-way only), areas of steep or narrow trails, and the area with two-way horse traffic. Eliminating the guiding requirement places responsibility on all equestrian users to carefully adhere to trip scheduling and directional routing on the park horse trails to maximize safety.
Scheduling for private riding parties was recommended by most respondents and will be used as a technique to avoid potential crowding, encounters with concession rides and to help alleviate associated safety concerns. Park staff, concessionaire and officers from Backcountry Horsemen of Utah examined scheduling options at different times of day. Departure times for private equestrian groups from the concession day corral will be: 7:30am; 12:30pm; 4:30pm and every half hour thereafter up to 1 hour before sunset. Private equestrians will be required to schedule their ride for one of these times at least 72 hours in advance by contacting the Park via e-mail: BRCA_Information@nps.gov
Trail Routing and Wayfinding
Trail routing will remain the same as it is currently. Additional signage will be added to assist equestrians in route finding where trails intersect and to provide users with directions for safe flow. Scheduling of both private equestrian rides and concession trail rides will be used to minimize 2-way encounters of horse ride groups moving in opposite directions on the portion of the trail between the Rim and the head of Binkie Hollow (Falling Rock) and to maintain safe separation of groups on one-way sections, particularly on the west side of the Peek-a-Boo Loop where the trail is exceptionally steep and narrow.
Equestrian Group Size
A number of respondents commented that specifying group size may assist in managing equestrian safety and use. Most private equestrians visiting the park consist of groups of less than 8 riders and horses. For safety reasons, the park trail ride concession must maintain a guide to guest ratio of 1 guide per 10 riders or less. The park has established a limit of 10 riders and their mounts per private equestrian group.
Equine Health and Testing for Equine Infectious Anemia (Coggins Testing)
Equine Infectious Anemia is an infectious disease of horses for which there is no vaccine, treatment or cure. Utah law requires that all stock entering from outside of Utah must have a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and the certificate must show a negative Equine Infectious Anemia (Coggins) test within the past 12 months. This applies to stock domiciled in Utah that leave Utah and subsequently return to the State. Equines domiciled in the State that do not leave Utah are not required to have a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection nor documentation of a negative Equine Infectious Anemia (Coggins) test. Park staff, concessionaire and officers from Backcountry Horsemen of Utah discussed these requirements and Park staff consulted with the State Veterinarian’s Office, Utah Department of Agriculture and Food, in order to develop a practical rule in compliance with state law and protective of equine health.
The following requirements will be in place for the park and apply to concession, privately-owned or NPS-owned or contracted horses and mules:
a) All stock brought to the park that originate from outside of Utah must have a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (valid for 30 days) and the certificate must show a negative Equine Infectious Anemia (Coggins - AGID or ELISA) test within the past 12 months.
b) Utah equestrians must certify that their animals have not left the State in the past 6 months; otherwise the requirements for Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and a negative Coggins test will apply.
c) Utah law requires that owners of any horses being transported within Utah, whether originating in Utah or from another State must carry proof of ownership. Approved forms of proof of ownership are found at the Utah Department of Agriculture and Food web site: ag.utah.gov/animal/animal-identification/36-animals/238-livestock-movement.html
Proof of ownership will also be used to verify the requirement for a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and Coggins testing, for out-of-state horses.
d) Rangers will check the documentation described above prior to stock being allowed in the park and equestrians will be required to provide proper documentation and certify that their stock meet these requirements.
Bryce Canyon National Park greatly appreciates the many constructive comments and suggestions provided by the public. We encourage equestrians to visit the web site listed above to find detailed information on horseback riding and to help them plan and enjoy their equestrian experience in Bryce Canyon National Park.
Kathleen Gonder, Chief of Interpretation and Visitor Information, Bryce Canyon National Park, 435-834-4740 (Office) 435-690-0084 (Cell)
Phone conversation with the Park Superintendent at Zion NP 10/6/14 9:06 am PST. A couple things of note.
There is a concessionaire and private stock is not allowed on the same trails as the concessionaire while the concessionaire is operating in the park (March through October).
So far as weed-free feed - it’s only for an overnight stay (limited to one night). No requirement for day-use! Strange? Yes! But that is how it is. They need some way to verify it’s weed free, so if that’s the string in a bale, original bag, or bucket, that’s what it needs to be in. Start feeding at least 48 hours before your visit.
State of Utah requirements - All livestock transported within or entering the state must have a valid health certificate issued by a certified veterinarian in the state of origin. In addition to the health certificate, all horses must also have had a negative Coggins test within the last year. Zion is simply verifying you have the documentation by asking for it.
For equine movements into the state, California requires a valid Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (CVI), issued within 30 days before entry, and evidence of a negative Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) test performed at a USDA-approved laboratory within twelve (12) months before the date of entry. An EIA test "pending" result does not meet the entry requirement.
California import requirements specify that all horses, cattle, sheep, goats and swine originating from any state where vesicular stomatitis (VS) has been diagnosed, (except cattle and swine transported directly to slaughter), must be accompanied by a health certificate (certificate of veterinary inspection) and signed by an accredited veterinarian that includes the following statement:
"I have examined all the animals identified on this certificate and found them to be free from signs of Vesicular Stomatitis (VS). During the last thirty (30) days, these animals have not been exposed to VS nor located within a 10 mile radius of a premises where VS has been diagnosed."
Animated Knots (a series of images)
Capitol Forest dot com privately run web site all things Capitol State Forest
Capitol Forest Yahoo Group discuss issues with other users and DNR
Equestrians Institute (Driving, Eventing, Dressage) New
Functional Horsemanship Tie a High-Line (and other useful information)
Gmap4 Enhanced Google mapping (Satellite, Topo, even Canadian Topo maps; overlay KML or other file types on the map)
Northwest Horse Source magazine
Trails and Horse Camps
Capitol Riders list of horse camps with coordinates and camp information
Banner Forest - Kitsap County Park
Blue Lake horse trail
CowboyMaps.com (Site doesn't let you preview maps before purchase) Maps come on tough tear proof paper
Horseback Riding Trails - by state
International Horse Directory (stables, arenas and more)
King County Executive Horse Council (includes horse trail information and links)
Lewis & Clark State Park (has 5 miles of horse trail)
Pierce County - Foothills Trail (the single county horse trail)
Thurston County trails (see info regarding equestrian use)
Wenatchee National Forest Horse Camps GORP site
Packing with Horse or Mule
Books - Mt Canary Company
PCT (Pacific Crest Trail) equestrian info
Sandy's (Wade ?) journal 1985 PCT ride
Thurston County -
BLACK LAKE NURSERY & FEED
Sharon Barner, Owner
3614C Black Lake Blvd SW
Tumwater, WA 98512
(1 to 2 weeks notice please)
certified weed free grass hay at $7/bale
No minimum bales required
1011 Tucker Rd
PO Box 1377
Toledo WA 98591
WWHAM Certified Weed Free Hay
Horse treat recipes
3 Prime Rib recipes (all use rock salt, one uses a camp stove) 2 page PDF
Troop 26 BSA Parkville MD - 500 Dutch Oven recipes (PDF 689 Kb)
Campfire Cooking (1125 recipes by Camp-Cook.com) (PDF 5.39 Mb with images)
Dutch Oven cooking including recipes
Lodge Cast Iron Manufacturing recipes
Other groups (non-BCHW)
McCleary Riders (disbanded)
Horse Scoring with photos
Washington State Department of Health
Office of Environmental Health, Safety, and Toxicology
PO Box 47825, Olympia, WA 98504-7825
Phone: 360-236-3385 Toll Free: 1-877-485-7316
Natural Grooming Guidelines (non-show)
Stables and Arenas
Thurston County CERT Training Free. CERT (Community Emergency Response Teams) is a 20-hour training program that prepares you to help yourself, family, neighbors and co-workers in the event of a disaster. It was created in 1985 by the Los Angeles City Fire Department and adopted by FEMA in 1993.
Washington State Ham Radio Clubs (not complete) Why list this? It's all about communication. When the phones are out these folks can get through to anywhere in the world.
Red Cross pet checklist
FEMA livestock Guidelines for disaster